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Trump Plan to Sell Part of Oil Stocks  05/25 06:14

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Donald Trump's proposal to sell nearly half the 
U.S. emergency oil stockpile is sparking renewed debate about whether the 
Strategic Petroleum Reserve is still needed amid an ongoing oil production boom 
that has seen U.S. imports drop sharply in the past decade.

   Trump's budget, unveiled on Tuesday, calls for selling an additional 270 
million barrels of oil over the next decade, raising an estimated $16.6 
billion. The proposal, on top of planned auctions expected over the next few 
years, could push the reserve below 300 million barrels by 2025. It now is at 
688 million barrels.

   The petroleum reserve, created in the wake of the 1970s Arab oil embargo, 
stores oil at four underground sites in Texas and Louisiana. The reserve guards 
against disruptions in the flow of oil from the Middle East and other 
countries, and lawmakers from both parties have long warned against using it to 
raise money.

   But some Republicans say North Dakota's oil-rich Bakken region offers a de 
facto reserve that can be tapped if needed.

   "You know the world's changed a lot in the last decade," said Rep. John 
Shimkus, R-Ill., a senior member of the House energy committee. "We're one of 
the largest oil producers in the world."

   Asked if he was worried that Trump's proposal could deplete the reserve, 
Shimkus laughed. "Not when you have North Dakota and the Dakota (Access) 
Pipeline," he said.

   Not all Republicans agree.

   The petroleum reserve "is not an ATM for new spending," Alaska Sen. Lisa 
Murkowski said in 2015 as the Obama administration proposed selling off a 
smaller of portion of the reserve to help fund a budget agreement.

   Murkowski, who chairs the Senate energy committee, was reviewing Trump's 
proposal but "is generally opposed to selling off emergency oil reserves, 
particularly as pay-fors for unrelated measures" a spokeswoman said Wednesday.

   Sen. Maria Cantwell of Washington state, the senior Democrat on the energy 
panel, vowed to defeat Trump's plan.

   "We are not going to let Donald Trump auction off our energy security to the 
highest bidder," she said.

   "The SPR exists to keep energy available and affordable in times of crisis 
or natural disaster, which helps low-income communities most," said Rep. Raul 
Grijalva of Arizona, the top Democrat on the House Natural Resources Committee.

   Selling the reserve "to pay for tax cuts for the extremely rich is 
especially cruel," Grijalva said, calling the plan a "short-sighted favor to 
oil billionaires."

   Budget director Mick Mulvaney said the proposed sale would not cause a 
security risk, citing increased oil production from fracking and other drilling 
techniques that have opened up areas once out of reach.

   The sales should not affect global oil prices because they would be 
carefully staged over a decade, Mulvaney said.

   "I don't need to take this much of your money and bury it in the ground out 
in western Texas someplace for domestic security and national security reasons 
when we have domestic surpluses like we do," he said at a budget briefing this 

   Jason Bordoff, director of Columbia University's Center on Global Energy 
Policy, warned that selling off large parts of the reserve could cause a price 
spike if there's a supply disruption in Venezuela or elsewhere.

   "The national security asset of the SPR helps provide a cushion. It would be 
foolish to sell it off because of a domestic oil production boom, the longevity 
of which remains somewhat uncertain," said Bordoff, who served as an energy 
adviser to President Barack Obama.

   Energy analyst Kevin Book said sale of the whole 270 million barrels 
"appears to be a heavy lift" in Congress, given likely opposition from 
Murkowski, Cantwell and other lawmakers. But Book said some additional sales 
beyond those now scheduled "seem more likely than not."

   Rep. Greg Walden, R-Ore., chairman of the House Energy Committee, said the 
reserve "made sense when we were hostage, potentially, to others. But now with 
a changed landscape, it calls for a review."


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